GLOSSARY OF ART TERMS

Art Terms Beginning with R

  • By Jacqui Thomas
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Art Terms Beginning with R

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Rayograph

A term conceived by Man Ray to describe what is conventionally known as a photogram or photographic print made by placing objects and other elements on photosensitive paper and exposing it to light.

Readymade

A term devised by Marcel Duchamp in 1915 to describe the works of art he made from manufactured objects. It has since often been applied more generally to artworks by other artists made in this way.

REALISM

A mid nineteenth century artistic movement portraying subjects painted from everyday life in a naturalistic manner; however the term is also generally used to describe artworks painted in a realistic almost photographic way.

RELATIONAL AESTHETICS

A term conceived by curator Nicholas Bourriaud in the 1990s to describe the tendency to make art based on, or inspired by, human relations and their social context.

RELIEF

A wall-mounted sculpture in which the three-dimensional elements are raised from a flat base.

Relics

Body parts or personal belongings of saints and other important figures that are preserved for purposes of commemoration or veneration.

Renaissance

A French word meaning rebirth, now used in English to describe the great revival of art that took place in Italy from about 1400 under the influence of the rediscovery of classical art and culture.

Rendering

A representation, executed in perspective, of a proposed structure.

Replica

A copy or reproduction.

Representated Artist

An artist who has a gallery or other body speaking for them or showing their works.

Representation 

The visual portrayal of someone or something.

REPRESENTATIONAL

Art that represents some aspect of reality, in a more or less straightforward way.

RESIN

A usually transparent solid or semi-solid substance sometimes used as a medium by sculptors.

Rococo

A Light, sensuous and intensely decorative French style developed in the early 18th century following death of Louis XIV and in reaction to the Baroque grandeur of Versailles.

ROMANTICISM

A movement in art and literature distinguished by a new interest in human psychology, expression of personal feeling and interest in the natural world.

Rubber Cement

A clean, fast drying latex type of adhesive. Excellent for paper projects.

RURAL NATURALISM

19th century painting movement depicting scenes of rural life painted in a realist, often sentimentalised, manner.

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